Kith and Kin Pro manual

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Kith and Kin Pro

Getting started

Introducing Kith and Kin Pro

Converting from older versions of Kith and Kin

Using Kith and KinPro with TreeDraw

Tutorials

Tutorial - Using the Tree Area

Tutorial - Working with person and family data forms

Tutorial - Simple searching

Tutorial - Searching using queries

Tutorial - Printing

Tutorial - Adding extra fields to people and families

Tutorial - Starting your own family tree

Tutorial - Importing a GEDCOM file

Tasks

Database maintenance

Starting a new database

Creating a clean database

Opening an existing database

Saving a database

Merging two databases

Copying a database

Copying part of a database

Changing the name of a database

Packing a database

Repairing a database

Clearing a database

Deleting a database

Adding and maintaining user-defined fields

Backing-up your data

Restoring data from a backup

Data maintenance

Adding a new family

Adding a new person

Editing an existing family

Editing an existing person

Marking probable links

Adding and maintaining aliases

Editing notes

Organising notes

Entering dates

Working with pictures

Working with objects

Adding and maintaining sources

Deleting a family

Deleting a person

Adding and maintaining source documents

Adding and maintaining source document repositories

Updating descriptions

Re-using an old person or family code

Updating death flags

Removing duplicate records

Editing data in bulk

Searching / querying

Searching for people

Seaching for families

Searching for sources

Using a query to find data

Calculating ages

Calculating phonetic codes

Displaying statistics

Displaying a relationship between two people

Searching for date errors / inconsistencies

Searching for events on a particular day

Searching for people who are not on the Tree Area

Displaying modified records

Screen

Moving around the Tree Area

Zooming in and out

Moving to a specific family

Selecting families using the mouse

Selecting families by relationship

Selecting all families

Moving families

Displaying a family summary

Arranging the open forms

Closing all open forms at once

Aligning families vertically

Using the Timeline Window

Choosing layers

Choosing the selection's layer

Choosing all layers

Moving families to a layer

Removing families from a layer

Creating a new layer from selection

Managing layers

Choosing fonts and colours

Turning the Tree Area on and off

Turning the Button Bar on and off

Turning the Status Bar on and off

Turning the Tree Area Control on and off

Printing

Using the report control form

Printing the tree layout

Printing family details

Printing person details

Printing indices

Printing a descendant tree

Printing an ancestral tree

Printing an indented descendant tree

Printing a missing data report

Printing a timeline

Printing a census report

Printing source document details

Printing document repository details

Setting printer options

Setting page options

Previewing a report on the screen

Printing from a preview

Printing to text files

Copying printed pages to the clipboard

Importing / exporting

Importing a GEDCOM file

Exporting a GEDCOM file

Exporting Web pages

Customising Web pages

Exporting data to a delimited text file

Importing a text file into notes

Exporting a text file from notes

Exporting a report to a PDF file

General

Setting preferences

Editing the timeline

Customising the button bar

Setting date options

Converting dates

Setting options

Setting current database options

Choosing a family to move to when the tree is opened

Choosing the current database language

Setting regional / language options

Setting picture options

Exiting from the program

Checking for program updates

Reference

File menu

Edit menu

Search menu

View menu

Layers menu

Tools menu

Window menu

Options menu

Using the Tree Area Control

Selecting / defining a database name

Selecting a family

Selecting a person

Database fields

Additional LDS information

SQL syntax

Supported GEDCOM syntax

Timeline text file format

System requirements

Frequently asked questions

Version information

Terms of use

Glossary

GEDCOM

Layer

LDS

Metaphone

OLE embedding

OLE linking

OLE object

Soundex

Tree Area

How to get support

How to contact us

Ordering / registration

Setting date options

Kith and Kin Pro allows you to choose between several available date formats for verifying dates which you enter and to format dates for output. Normally the input and output formats chosen are the same, but it is possible to choose different formats and there are some formats designed specially for output.

Input date formats:

FormatSample
DD MM YYYY25 12 1995
DD MMM YYYY25 Dec 1995
MM DD YYYY12 25 1995
MMM DD YYYYDec 25 1995
YYYY MM DD1995 12 25
YYYY MMM DD1995 Dec 25

An input format definition must also include a separator. In the examples above the separator is a space but any character may be used. The separator will be used in both the first and second positions, eg. 25/12/1995 25-12-1995 25.12.1995

Set the Leading zeros option if you want day and month numbers less than 10 to have a leading zero, eg. 01-02-1995 09 Jan 1995

Output date formats:

FormatSample
DD MM YYYY25 12 1995
DD MMM YYYY25 Dec 1995
MM DD YYYY12 25 1995
MMM DD YYYYDec 25 1995
YYYY MM DD1995 12 25
YYYY MMM DD1995 Dec 25
DD MMMM YYYY25 December 1995
MMMM DD YYYYDecember 25 1995
WWWW DD MMMM YYYYMonday 25 December 1995
WWWW MMMM DD YYYYMonday December 25 1995
MMM YYYYDecember 1995
YYYY MMM1995 December
YYYY1995

An output format definition must also include a separator. In the examples above the separator is a space but any character may be used. The separator will be used in both the first and second positions, eg. 25/12/1995 25-12-1995 25.12.1995

Set the Leading zeros option if you want day and month numbers less than 10 to have a leading zero, eg. 01-02-1995 09 Jan 1995

As you change either of the formats, Kith and Kin Pro displays sample dates in the selected format.

Overseas users who need to change the month and weekday names into their own language, can modify the entries in "Month names" and "Weekday names" lists. Month number 1 is January, 2 is February, etc. Weekday number 1 is Sunday, 2 is Monday, etc. A regional settings file which already has the correct names for your language may be available; use the Load regional settings button in Preferences.

If you want to change the strings used for date modifiers, eg. ABT = About, you can modify the settings in the Date prefixes list. ABT = About, AFT = After, BEF = Before, EST = Estimated. You must use the new strings when entering dates, not the standard strings.

Change to Gregorian calendar

What we recognise today as a calendar with twelve months and 365 days per year with leap years, dates from the year 46 BC when it was adopted by Julius Caesar and hence became known as the Julian calendar. There were some modifications made until about 4 AD so dates between 46 BC and 4 AD can be suspect. However, since the average length of the Julian year was 365.25 days and the "real" length is about 365.2423, the Julian calendar became increasingly out of step with the seasons by about 1 day every 131 years. In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII decided that a new calendar would be adopted, the Gregorian calendar, which would make the length of a calendar year much closer to the real year by changing the rules for leap years. To get the calendar back into step ten days were omitted from the calendar on the day of its adoption and it was decreed that the day following Thursday 4 October 1582 would be Friday 15 October 1582. Unfortunately things are complicated by the fact that the Gregorian calendar was not adopted by every country/state on that date, in fact only by a few catholic European countries, and it took hundreds of years for the new calendar to be adopted everywhere (the Greek Orthodox Church delayed until 1924).

You can specify the date that the Gregorian calendar was adopted in your country by setting the Last Julian and First Greg dates. Weekdays are calculated by Kith and Kin Pro using the Julian calendar if the date is prior to the Last Julian date or the Gregorian calendar if after the First Greg date. Dates in between these two dates are invalid.

It is important that the correct Gregorian calendar adoption date has been set before you enter any dates into Kith and Kin Pro. If you are entering dates from different countries bear in mind that the actual date may be different.

It is possible to change the Gregorian adoption dates at any time and dates stored in the program will be correctly converted to the new calendar. For example, with the adoption date set to 1752 for the UK you can enter a person's birth of Thursday 29 Feb 1700 since this is a leap year in the Julian calendar. Now change the Gregorian adoption date to 1582 for Italy. The person's birth date is now correctly displayed as Thursday 11 March 1700 because he was now born in the Gregorian calendar. Trying to enter 29 Feb 1700 will be invalid since 1700 is no longer a leap year.

Loading a regional settings file will also change the Gregorian adoption dates.

Below is a list of countries/states and the dates that they adopted the Gregorian calendar. The dates are shown as YYYY.MM.DD. This is not intended as a complete list and has been compiled from various sources. Some countries (eg. Sweden) had strange variations in the way that they adopted the calendar for which no special dispensation is made in Kith and Kin Pro.

Country / State Last Julian First Gregorian
Austria
- Tyrol
- Carinthia (Kärnten), Styria (Steiermark)

1583.10.05
1583.12.14

1583.10.16
1583.12.25
Belgium
- Antwerpen
- Brabant, Flanders and Hainaut (Hennegau)
- Liege (Lüttich)

1582.12.20
1582.12.21
1583.03.10

1582.12.31
1583.03.01
1583.03.21
Bulgaria 1915.10.31 1915.11.14
Canada 1752.09.02 1752.09.14
Croatia 1923.09.30 1923.10.14
Czech Republic 1584.01.06 1584.01.17
Denmark
- Færø Islands
1700.02.18
1700.11.16
1700.03.03
1700.11.28
England and dominions 1752.09.02 1752.09.14
Estonia 1918.01.31 1918.02.14
Finland
In 1753 Finland was a part of Sweden. In 1808/9 it became part of Russia which at that time still used the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar remained the official calendar in Finland but some documents use the Julian calendar.
1753.02.17 1753.03.01
France
- Lorraine (Lothringen)
- Alsace (Austrian Upper Alsace)
- City of Strasbourg
1582.12.09
1582.12.09
1583.10.13
1682.02.05
1582.12.20
1582.12.20
1583.10.24
1682.02.16
Germany - Catholic regions
- Augsburg
- Treves (Trier)
- Bavaria (Bayern)
- Jülich-Berg
- Cologne (Köln), Aachen
- Würzburg
- Mayence (Mainz)
- Baden, Strasbourg (diocese only)
- Münster, Cleve
- Silesia (Schlesien), Lusatia (Lausitz)
- Westphalia (Westfalen)
- Paderborn
- Pfalz-Neuburg
- Hildesheim
- Minden
Germany - Protestant regions

1583.03.13
1583.10.04
1583.10.05
1583.11.02
1583.11.03
1583.11.04
1583.11.11
1583.11.16
1583.11.17
1584.01.12
1584.07.01
1585.06.16
1615.12.13
1631.03.15
1668.02.01
1700.02.18

1583.03.24
1583.10.15
1583.10.16
1583.11.13
1583.11.14
1583.11.15
1583.11.22
1583.11.27
1583.11.28
1584.01.23
1584.07.12
1585.06.27
1615.12.24
1631.03.26
1668.02.12
1700.03.03
Greece
- Greek Orthodox Church
1923.03.15
1924.03.09
1923.03.03
1924.03.23
Hungary 1584.01.22 1584.02.02
Iceland 1700.11.16 1700.11.28
Ireland 1752.09.02 1752.09.14
Italy
- Florence and Pisa
1582.10.04
1749.12.20
1582.10.15
1750.01.01
Latvia 1918.02.01 1918.02.15
Lithuania
- Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Uznemune (Suduva)
1915.11.15
1584.01.10
1915.11.29
1584.01.21
Luxemburg
1582.12.14
1583.10.04
1582.12.25
1583.10.15
The Netherlands
- Catholic regions, Zeeland, Brabant
- Limburg and the southern provinces
   (Limburg alternate)
- Holland
- Groningen (until summer 1594)
- Gelderland, Zutphen
- Utrecht, Overijssel
- Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe
- Drenthe

1582.12.14
1582.12.20
1582.12.21
1583.01.01
1583.02.10
1700.06.30
1700.11.30
1700.12.31
1701.04.30

1582.12.25
1582.12.31
1583.01.01
1583.01.12
1583.02.21
1700.07.12
1700.12.12
1701.01.12
1701.05.12
Norway 1700.02.18 1700.03.03
Poland
- Prussia (Preußen)
1582.10.04
1610.08.22
1582.10.15
1610.09.02
Portugal 1582.10.04 1582.10.15
Romania
- Transylvania
1919.03.31
1590.12.14
1919.04.14
1590.12.25
Russia 1918.01.31 1918.02.14
Scotland
Scotland adopted part of the required change by making 1 January the start of the new year in 1600 (previously it had started on 25 March, ie. 24 March 1598 was followed by 25 March 1599), however the full change to the Gregorian calendar did not happen until 1752 with the rest of the UK.
1752.09.02 1752.09.14
Slovakia 1584.01.22 1584.02.02
Spain 1582.10.04 1582.10.15
Sweden
Sweden decided to make a gradual change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. By dropping Feb 29 from every leap year from 1700 to 1740 the eleven superfluous days would be omitted and from 1 Mar 1740 they would be back in sync with the Gregorian calendar.
So 1700 (a Julian leap year) was not a leap year in Sweden. However, by mistake, 1704 and 1708 both contained a Feb 29 as in a normal leap year. This left Sweden out of synchronisation with both the Julian and the Gregorian world, so they decided to go back to the Julian calendar. In order to do this, they inserted an extra day in 1712 giving February 30 days.
In 1753, Sweden finally changed back to the Gregorian calendar by dropping 11 days like everyone else.
1753.02.17 1753.03.01
Switzerland
- Basle (Basel)
- Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, Zug, Freiburg, Solothurn
- Wallis (Valais)
- Zürich, Bern, Basel, Geneva, Schafhausen, Thurgau
- Neuchâtel, Mühlhausen, Biel

1583.10.20
1584.01.11
1655.02.28
1700.12.31
1700.12.31

1583.10.31
1584.01.22
1655.03.11
1701.01.12
1701.01.12
Turkey 1916.02.15 1917.03.03
USA
- Alaska
- Texas, Florida, California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
- Mississippi Valley
- Washington, Oregon, British Colonies

1867.10.05
1582.10.04
1582.12.09
1752.09.02

1867.10.18
1582.10.15
1582.12.20
1752.09.14
Yugoslavia 1919.01.14 1919.01.28

See also